Born in Iran. Educated in England. Graduated from Dept of Biochemistry, University College, University of London, U.K. Received PhD from Dept of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, U.K. Research scientist at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where he was at various times, Head of Laboratory of Systematic Biochemistry, Head of Dept of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Vice- Director for Research as well as Editor of the Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz and Co-ordinator of posgraduate course in molecular and cellular biology (M.Sc & Ph. D.)
Moved to WHO Geneva in 2001 where he currently works in the Department of Knowledge Management and Sharing as Editor of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Coordinator of the WHO Press and Special Coordinator for the Promotion of Multilingualism in WHO. He is on the Editorial boards of several international and national scientific journal as well as a member of various editorial and publishing societies.